As part of the educational activities of the WBA Academy, Puerto Rican judge José Roberto Torres explains the 10-point scoring system and how it should be used depending on how the fight goes.
In a video posted to YouTube, Torres highlights all the aspects that must be taken into account when evaluating an round: Effectiveness, attack, defense, technique and sportsmanship are fundamental to implementing the five levels of the voting method.
He revealed, "As you may know, the round starts at 10-10 and as the fight goes on you make your mental decision on who is winning according to the different scales of the scoring method.
"Keep in mind that you have to take into consideration the following criteria: Effectiveness, attack, defense, technique and sportsmanship.
"The scoring method has five scales and the round can result in any of them. The first scale is the beginning when both boxers start with 10-10. Then, if it is a close round, the result is 10-9. It can go to 'moderate', which results in a 10-9, or even to 'decisive', which results in a 10-9 as well. The last scale is 'extremely decisive', without knockdown, which results in a 10-8 scoring. This is very rare and not all officials like to score it, but it can happen and it can be scored."
Usually, a 10-8 round is reserved for when there is a knockdown. If a boxer is knocked down more than once, they can lost further points in the scoring system, which would result in a 10-7 round.
If a judge deems the round completely even, then both fighters can receive 10 points.
Referees can also affect the scoring, if they see fit, by taking away a point for intentional fouling. This usally occurs after several warnings.